Bihar poorest state in India : Niti Aayog report

Bihar poorest state in India : Niti Aayog report

In its first Multidimensional Poverty Index report released on Friday, the Niti Aayog said Barkhand, and Uttar Pradesh were the poorest states in the country. They were followed by Madhya Pradesh and Meghalaya in the index.

According to the report, 51.91 percent of the population in Bihar is poor, followed by 42.16 in Jharkhand, 37.79 percent in Uttar Pradesh, 36.65 percent in Madhya Pradesh, and 32.67 percent in Meghalaya.

Among Union territories, Dadra and Nagar Haveli ( 27.36 percent), Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh (12.58), Daman & Diu (6.82 percent), and Chandigarh (5.97 percent) have emerged as the poorest in the country.

Puducherry, with 1.72 percent of its population as poor, Lakshadweep (1.82 percent), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (4.30 percent), and Delhi (4.79 percent) have fared better.

States that have registered the lowest poverty across the country are Kerala, with only 0.71 percent of the population dropping in that category, coming after Goa (3.76 percent), Sikkim (3.82 percent), Tamil Nadu (4.89 percent), and Punjab (5.59 percent).

The highest number of malnourished people have been reported in Bihar, followed by Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh.

Bihar also ranked at the bottom in various other categories, including a percentage of population deprived of maternal health, percentage of people deprived of years of schooling, school attendance, and rate of people deprived of cooking fuel and electricity.

Niti Aayog vice-chairman Rajiv Kumar said in his foreword.

"The development of the National MPI of India is an important contribution towards instituting a public strategy tool which monitors multidimensional poverty, informs evidence-based and focused interventions, thereby ensuring that

no one is left behind,"

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According to a PTI report, Kumar further said the baseline report of India's first-ever national MPI measure is based on a reference period of 2015-16 of the (NFHS) National Family Health Survey.

He said that the national MPI measure had been constructed by utilizing 12 key components covering health and nutrition, the standard of living, and education.

The report said the national MPI, a total measure that defines poverty, in simple terms, as the deprivation in crucial and essential parameters of health, education, and living standards, is a significant departure from the way poverty has been understood and conceptualized historically.

In early 2020, the Cabinet Secretariat had identified 29 global indices to monitor, analyze, and evaluate to improve India's position in international rankings.

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