Wednesday, 29 June 2022

All About Monkeypox and raising concern in world

All About Monkeypox and raising concern in world

With over 100 cases confirmed globally, scientists worldwide are preventing the spread of monkeypox, which has largely remained confined to parts of West Africa and central. Last week, many cases of monkeypox, a rare disease caused by infection from the monkeypox virus, have been increasing.

Around 100 cases have been reported, while 28 suspected cases are being monitored. These 100 cases have been in 12 countries that are not endemic to the virus. Australia, Germany, Belgium, and France reported their first cases. To date, no one has died from the monkeypox.

Dr. Hans Kluge, WHO's Europe director, described the outbreak as "atypical," saying the disease's appearance in many countries across the different continents suggested that "transmission of the virus has been ongoing for some time." He said many cases are mild in Europe.

About Monkeypox

Monkeypox is part of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae, including the variola virus, which causes smallpox; vaccinia virus is used in the smallpox vaccine and cowpox virus. Monkeypox typically causes lesions, chills, rash, and fever on the face or genitals. World Health Organization estimates the disease is lethal for up to one in 10 people.

As per the US-based Centre for Disease Control & Prevention, while the natural reservoir of monkeypox remains unknown, African rodents and non-human primates may harbor the virus and infect people. Most human cases have been in west and central Africa, where the disease is endemic.

Symptoms of Monkeypox?

Monkeypox is characterized by similar symptoms to smallpox and begins with a fever. Headache, muscle aches, and exhaustion can also be experienced. The main difference between symptoms of monkeypox and smallpox is that monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox does not, the CDC notes.

The inoculate period for the disease is usually 714 days but can range from 521 days. The rash appears after 1 to 3 days of developing a fever that starts on the face, and the virus spreads to other body parts. "The illness typically lasts for 24 weeks.

In Africa, monkeypox has shown to cause as many as 1 in 10 persons who contract the disease," the CDC says.

Read More: Covid Booster dose gap reduced to 3 months for those travelling overseas

Treatment for monkeypox?

People exposed to the monkeypox virus are often given one of several smallpox vaccines effective against monkeypox. Anti-viral drugs are also being developed. The ECDPC has recommended all suspected cases be isolated and that high-risk contacts be offered the smallpox vaccine.

Global Issue

The World Health Organization estimates thousands of monkeypox infections in African countries every year. Most cases are in Congo, which reports about 6,000 cases annually.

Remote cases of monkeypox are occasionally spotted outside the African continent, including in the U.S. and Britain. The chances are typically associated with travel to Africa or contact with animals from areas where the disease is more common.

Nigeria reports around 3,000 monkeypox cases a year, WHO said. Virus Spreads are usually in rural areas when people have close contact with infected squirrels and rats, Tomori said. He said many cases are likely missed.

Concern about Monkeypox

The sudden jump in cases outside Africa has world leaders worried as U.S. President Joe Biden said that recent monkeypox cases that have been identified in Europe and the United States were something "to be concerned about."

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